Miqipi/build Android51

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  To compile Android, requirement of PC is:

 $sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk

Tips: After installing openjdk-7-jdk, you might need to fix JDK's default link:

 $ sudo update-alternatives --config java
 $ sudo update-alternatives --config javac

To switch JDK version. SDK will switch to internal JDK path once the default one cannot be found. Therefore, in order to compile Android 5.1 and before, removing the JDK7 link is more preferable:

 $ sudo /var/lib/dpkg/info/openjdk-7-jdk:amd64.prerm remove
    • Ubuntu 12.04 packages install:
  $sudo apt-get install git gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential \
  zip curl libc6-dev libncurses5-dev:i386 x11proto-core-dev \
  libx11-dev:i386 libreadline6-dev:i386 libgl1-mesa-glx:i386 \
  g++-multilib mingw32 tofrodos gcc-multilib ia32-libs \
  python-markdown libxml2-utils xsltproc zlib1g-dev:i386 \
  lzop libssl1.0.0 libssl-dev 
    • Ubuntu 14.04 packages install:
 $sudo apt-get install git-core gnupg flex bison gperf libsdl1.2-dev \
 libesd0-dev libwxgtk2.8-dev squashfs-tools build-essential zip curl \
 libncurses5-dev zlib1g-dev pngcrush schedtool libxml2 libxml2-utils \
 xsltproc lzop libc6-dev schedtool g++-multilib lib32z1-dev lib32ncurses5-dev \
 lib32readline-gplv2-dev gcc-multilib libswitch-perl \
 libssl1.0.0 libssl-dev

if your system is ubuntu14.04 server add to install:

 sudo apt-get install git-core gnupg flex bison gperf build-essential \
 zip curl zlib1g-dev gcc-multilib g++-multilib libc6-dev-i386 \
 lib32ncurses5-dev x11proto-core-dev libx11-dev lib32z-dev ccache \
 libgl1-mesa-dev libxml2-utils xsltproc unzip

Download Android SDK

The size of SDK is huge. Please download from one of the following cloud storage:

Download all packages
Check MD5

$ md5sum /path/to/miqi-rk3288_android5.1_git_20150910.tar
83a07f127abe57482047a417f29e3115  miqi-rk3288_android5.1_git_20150910.tar

unzip the file

 mkdir -p ~/proj/miqi-rk3288-lollipop
 cd ~/proj/miqi-rk3288-lollipop
 tar xf /path/to/miqi-rk3288_android5.1_git_20150910.tar
 git reset --hard

Compiling Kernel

To compile Linux kernel, run:

 cd ~/proj/miqi-rk3288-lollipop/kernel
 make rk3288-miqi_defconfig
 make modules
 make -j8 rk3288-miqi.img

Compiling Android

Compiling Android:

 cd ~/proj/miqi-rk3288-lollipop
 source build/envsetup.sh
 lunch  (select the 'rk3288_miqi-userdebug')
 make -j8

TARGET_BUILD_VARIANT defaults to userdebug. There are three variants: user, userdebug and eng. The main differences are:


  • Only install modules with user tag
  • Set property ro.secure=1, to turn on security check.
  • Set property ro.debuggable=0, to close application debugging function.
  • Turn off adb by default.
  • Enable Proguard.
  • Enable DEXPREOPT to optimize applcation.


  • Only install modules with userdebug tag
  • Set property ro.secure=1, to turn on security check.
  • Set property ro.debuggable=1, to turn on application debugging function.
  • Turn on adb by default.
  • Enable Proguard.
  • Enable DEXPREOPT to optimize applcation.


  • Install modules with user, debug or eng tag.
  • Set property ro.secure=0, to turn off security check.
  • Set property ro.debuggable=1, to turn on application debugging fucntion.
  • Turn on adb by default.
  • Disable Proguard.
  • Disable DEXPREOPT, not optimizing applcation.

If TARGET_BUILD_VARIANT is user, adb can not gain root permission. To switch target build variant, add parameter to the make command line:

make -j8 PRODUCT-rk3288_box-user
make -j8 PRODUCT-rk3288_box-userdebug
make -j8 PRODUCT-rk3288_box-eng

Flashing partition images

./mkimage.sh at previous step will repack boot.img and system.img, and copy other related image files to the rockdev/Image-rk3288_box/ directory. The common image files are listed below:

  • boot.img : Android's initramfs, to initialize and mount system partition.
  • kernel.img : Kernel image.
  • misc.img : Misc partition image, to switch boot mode and pass parameter in recovery mode.
  • recovery.img : Recovery mode image.
  • resource.img : Resource image, containing boot logo and kernel's device tree info.
  • system.img : System partition image with ext4 filesystem format.

Please flash the image according to Flash image.

If you are using Windows system to flash the images, please copy the image files mentioned above to rockdev\Image directory in AndroidTool (Image flash tool in Windows).
Then follow instructions in the flash image guide.
This is the easy way, using default configuration, no need to modify image file's path.

Create update.img

Create update.img in Windows is simple. copy the files as below :




to the directory : AndroidTool_Release_v2.39\rockdev\Image

Then run the batch file mkupdate.bat in rockdev directory, which will create update.img under rockdev.

update.img is convenient to distribute to end users to upgrade the system, while partition images are more frequently used during development.